Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA) is a multi-national forum for enhancing cooperation towards promoting peace, security and stability in Asia. It is a forum based on the recognition that there is a close link between peace, security and stability in Asia and in the rest of the world. The Member States, while affirming their commitment to the UN Charter, believe that peace and security in Asia can be achieved through dialogue and cooperation leading to a common indivisible area of security in Asia where all states co-exist peacefully and their peoples live in peace, freedom and prosperity.
The idea of convening the CICA was first proposed by the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan - Elbasy H.E. Mr. Nursultan Nazarbayev, on 5 October 1992, at the 47th Session of the United Nations General Assembly. The moving spirit behind this initiative was the aspiration to set up an efficient and acceptable structure for ensuring peace and security in Asia. Unlike other regions in the world, Asia did not have such a structure at the time and earlier attempts to create a suitable structure had not been very successful. This initiative was supported by a number of Asian countries who felt that such a structure was the need of the time.
Following the spirit of the founding documents, CICA pursues its policy based on the principles of sovereign equality, non-interference in internal affairs of the Member States and economic, social and cultural cooperation to achieve its main objective of enhancing co-operation through elaborating multilateral approaches towards promoting peace, security and stability in Asia. All decisions within CICA framework are taken by consensus.
For becoming a member of CICA, a state must have at least a part of its territory in Asia. Fifteen states meeting this criterion signed the Declaration on the Principles Guiding Relations between the CICA Member States at the First Meeting of Ministers of Foreign Affairs in 1999 and became founding members of CICA. Presently CICA has twenty-seven Member States accounting for nearly ninety percent of the territory and population of Asia. Eight countries and five multi-national organizations, including United Nations, have the observer status.
The highest decision making organ of CICA is the Meeting of the CICA Heads of State and Government. The CICA Summit is convened every four years in order to conduct consultations, review the progress of, and set priorities for CICA activities. Meeting of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs is required to be held every two years. Ministerial Meetings are the central forum for consultations and examination of all issues related to CICA activities. Senior Officials Committee meets as often as necessary, but not less than once a year to follow-up on previous CICA decisions, carry out consultations on the current CICA issues, oversee the work of Special Working Groups and co-ordinate the work of other meetings. Special Working Groups studies specific issues, carries out the tasks mandated to it and submits reports to the Senior Officials Committee.
Creating an environment of confidence among Member States is central to the basic objectives of CICA. CICA Catalogue of Confidence Building Measures describes various measures and Cooperative Approach for the implementation of the CICA CBMs lays down the procedures for implementing the confidence building measures. Within the framework of the Catalogue, the Confidence Building Measures are categorised under five broad headings: economic dimension, environmental dimension, human dimension, fight against new challenges and threats, and military-political dimension.
In view of the diverse profile of the Member States, and realities typical to Asia, it was decided to begin with the realisation of Confidence Building Measures in fight against new challenges and threats and economic, environmental and human dimensions. Realization of Confidence Building Measures in these areas would create sufficient goodwill and strengthen mutual relations between the Member States and would eventually be the stepping stone for realization of Confidence Building Measures in military-political dimension.
The process of implementation of Confidence Building Measures within CICA framework has already commenced. Fifteen Member States have volunteered to act as coordinating or co-coordinating countries for implementing specific projects of Confidence Building Measures in the areas of human dimension; new challenges and threats (terrorism, border control management, human trafficking and trans-national crime); development of secure and effective systems of transportation corridors; combating illicit drugs; national disaster management; information technology; energy security; development of small and medium enterprises; tourism, agriculture, finance and sustainable development. Concept papers and/or action plans in human dimension, new challenges and threats combating illicit drugs, environmental dimension, agriculture and tourism have been adopted and concept papers in other areas are under consideration.
CICA Secretariat, the administrative body of CICA is located in Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan. The Secretariat comprises of Executive Director nominated by the Chairing country and Deputy Executive Director and Professional Personnel seconded by the Member States.
CICA – Fact Sheet
enhance co-operation through elaborating multilateral approaches towards promoting peace, security and stability in Asia;
eradicate the menace of terrorism in all its forms and manifestations;
combat illicit drug production and trafficking;
promote trade and economic cooperation for the prosperity and stability in Asia;
cooperation on all issues relating to environment;
prevention of proliferation and eventual elimination of weapons of mass destruction;
develop measures to address humanitarian issues;
promote mutual respect, understanding and tolerance in the relations among civilizations;
facilitate implementation of Confidence Building Measures among Member States.
sovereign equality and respect for the rights inherent in sovereignty;
refraining from the threat or use of force;
territorial integrity of the Member States;
peaceful settlement of disputes;
non-interference in internal affairs of Member States;
disarmament and arms control;
economic, social and cultural cooperation;
human rights and fundamental freedoms.
· Republic of Korea
· Russian Federation
· Sri Lanka
· United Arab Emirates
· Viet Nam
(i) States: Belarus, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Philippines, Ukraine and USA
(ii) Organizations: International Organization for Migration(IOM), League of Arab States (LAS), Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), Parliamentary Assembly of the Turkic Speaking Countries (TURKPA) and United Nations (UN)
Chairman: Republic of Tajikistan (2018-2020)
Administrative body: Secretariat, located in Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan